What Is HTML?

HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is the standard markup language used to create web pages. It structures the content on web pages by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes, and other items. HTML elements, defined by tags written in angle brackets, are the building blocks of all websites. These tags label pieces of content such as "heading", "paragraph", "table", and so on, making the content accessible for web browsers to render to users.

Additionally, HTML works in conjunction with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript to create interactive and stylistically varied web pages. CSS is used for layout and style, while JavaScript adds interactivity. Together, these technologies form the cornerstone of the World Wide Web, with HTML providing the basic structure.

HTML Basic Elements

HTML Basic Elements

HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is the standard markup language used to create web pages. It consists of a series of elements which tell the web browser how to display content. Elements are represented by tags, typically enclosed in angle brackets. A basic HTML document includes elements such as `<html>`, which defines the whole document, and `<head>`, which contains metadata and links to scripts and stylesheets.

The body of an HTML document is enclosed in `<body>` tags, and it's where the visible content of the webpage is placed. Common elements within the body include `<h1>` to `<h6>` for headings, `<p>` for paragraphs, `<a>` for hyperlinks, and `<img>` for images. Lists are created using `<ul>` for unordered lists, `<ol>` for ordered lists, and `<li>` for list items. For dividing and styling content, `<div>` and `<span>` tags are widely used.

Forms, an essential part of interactive websites, are created using the `<form>` tag, which can contain input elements like `<input>`, `<textarea>`, and `<button>`. Tables are constructed with `<table>`, along with `<tr>` for table rows, `<td>` for table data cells, and `<th>` for table headers.

HTML also supports the use of attributes, which provide additional information about elements. Attributes are placed within the opening tag, such as `class`, `id`, `src` for images, and `href` for links.

Overall, HTML's basic elements provide the structure and organization necessary for creating functional and aesthetically pleasing web pages.


HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is fundamental for creating web pages and web applications. It forms the structure and layout of a webpage, allowing the integration of text, images, and other media. HTML is universally recognized by web browsers, making it an essential tool for web development. Its simplicity and ease of learning make it accessible to both beginners and experienced developers. Moreover, HTML is the backbone for other technologies like CSS and JavaScript, enabling more complex and dynamic web experiences. As the standard markup language for the web, HTML ensures content is structured and accessible across different devices and platforms.